It is the co-factor of an enzyme. Enzymes are the protein substances that are found in all living things; they are needed for tissue and cell building and repairing. Coenzyme Q-10 is an antioxidant that is the essential component of cellular energy. Its highest concentrations are found in the heart and liver, and are synthesized in the body.
CoQ10 is found in small amounts in an extensive multiplicity of foods and is synthesized in all tissues. The biosynthesis of CoQ10 from the amino acid tyrosine is a multistage process requiring at least eight vitamins and several trace elements. Coenzymes are cofactors upon which the comparatively large and complex enzymes absolutely depend for their function.
It is naturally present in small amounts in a wide variety of foods but is particularly high in organ meats such as heart, liver and kidney, as well as beef, soy oil, sardines, mackerel, and peanuts. To place dietary CoQ10 eating into perspective, one pound of sardines, 2 pounds of beef, or two and one half pounds of peanuts, provide 30 mg of CoQ10. CoQ10 is also synthesized in all tissues and in healthy individuals normal levels are maintained both by CoQ10 intake and by the body's synthesis of CoQ10.
CoQ10 was first isolated from beef heart mitochondria by Dr. Frederick Crane of Wisconsin, U.S.A., in 1957. The same year, Professor Morton of England defined a compound obtained from vitamin A deficient rat liver to be the same as CoQ10. Professor Morton introduced the name ubiquinone, meaning the ubiquitous quinone. In 1958, Professor Karl Folkers and coworkers at Merck, Inc., resolute the precise chemical structure of CoQ10: 2, 3 dimethoxy-5 methyl-6 decaprenyl benzoquinone, synthesized it, and were the first to produce it by fermentation.
In the mid 1960's, Professor Yamamura of Japan became the first in the world to use coenzyme Q7 (a related compound) in the treatment of human disease: congestive heart failure. In 1966, Mellors and Tappel showed that reduced CoQ6 was an effective antioxidant In 1972 Gian Paolo Littarru of Italy along with Professor Karl Folkers documented a deficiency of CoQ10 in human heart disease. By the mid-1970's, the Japanese perfected the industrial technology to produce pure CoQ10 in quantities sufficient for larger clinical trials.
In normal aging, the body loses its ability to manufacture adequate amounts of CoQ-10. Levels of CoQ-10 can decline by as much as 80% as you age. It is thought that the decreased levels of CoQ-10 brought on by aging might go ahead to age connected discomforts. The effectiveness and security of CoQ10 in the cure of congestive heart failure, whether related to primary cardiomyopathy or secondary forms of heart failure, appear to be well established
Coenzyme Q10 is the coenzyme for at least three mitochondrial enzymes (complexes I, II and III) as well as enzymes in other parts of the cell. Mitochondrial enzymes of the oxidative phosphorylation pathway are necessary for the creation of the high-energy phosphate, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), upon which all cellular function depend.
Yet, in this period, a patient may be cure of leukemia through numerous courses of chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation, only to die gradually of unrecognized thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency. Like the vitamins discovered in the early part of this century, CoQ10 is an essential element of food that can now be used medicinally to support the sick host in conditions where nutritional depletion and cellular dysfunction occur. Definitely, the combination of disease attacking strategy and host supportive treatments would yield much better results in clinical medicine.
Coenzyme Q10 is an important link in the chain of chemical reactions, which produces this energy. It's also a potent antioxidant - a chemical that "mops up" harmful free radicals generated during normal metabolism.
Since CoQ10 is necessary to the best possible function of all cell types, it is not shocking to find a seemingly varied number of disease states, which respond positively to CoQ10 supplementation. All metabolically active tissues are highly sensitive to a deficiency ofCoQ10. CoQ10's function as a free radical scavenger only adds to the protean manifestations of CoQ10 deficiency.
What are the benefits of CoQ10?
Coenzyme Q-10 may even help facilitate weight loss due to its stimulating effects on the body's metabolism. Nutritional supplementation for adults taking Coenzyme Q-10 should be between 30 and 90 mg per day, although for serious health problems a physician may recommend higher amounts. The absorption of Coenzyme Q-10 may be enhanced if taken with a fatty substance such as oil, peanut butter, olive oil, etc. Conclusion: Calling all bodybuilders for an awesome antioxidant, fat burner, and energy enhancer, tries Coenzyme Q-10
Researchers have explored the effects of coenzyme Q10 supplementation in people with periodontal disease, which has been linked to coenzyme Q10 deficiency.
The antioxidant or free radical quench properties of CoQ10 serve to very much decrease oxidative damage to tissues as well as considerably inhibit the oxidation of LDL cholesterol.
This has great implications in the treatment of ischemia and reperfusion injury as well as the potential for slowing the development of atherosclerosis.
Deficiency symptoms of CoQ10
Insufficient dietary CoQ10, impairment in CoQ10 biosynthesis, excessive utilization of CoQ10 by the body, or any combination of the three, may cause CoQ10 deficiency.
Along with aging, other factors may deplete the body of CoQ-10, affecting the body's ability to manufacture adequate amounts and increasing the risk of a deficiency.
These are: poor eating habits, stress and particular conditions such as an infection.
A deficiency may also have a direct impact on many other body functions as well.
Because high concentrations are also stored in the liver, maintaining and adequate supply of CoQ-10 and preventing a deficiency may ensure that it is properly nourished and performing at its peak.
The dosage of CoQ10 used in clinical trials has evolved over the past 20 years. Initially, doses as small as 30 to 45 mg per day connected with measurable clinical responses in patients with heart failure. More current study have used higher doses with better clinical answer, once more in patients with heart failure.
CoQ10 is fat-soluble and absorption is significantly improved when it is chewed with a fat-containing food